DATE: April 16, 2002
TO: Board of Supervisors
SUBJECT: Expansion of Lead-Based Paint Hazard Control Program
This requested action will authorize the Director of Housing and Community Development to enter into partnership agreements with incorporated jurisdictions and non-profit organizations to implement the San Diego County Lead-Based Paint Hazard Control Program in those jurisdictions and to extend the timeframe of the Program.
The Lead-Based Paint Hazard Control Program, a HUD funded program, is currently operated solely in the unincorporated portions of San Diego County, with Spring Valley as its “target” community. It has been demonstrated that there is a high probability of lead-based paint hazards in homes located in incorporated jurisdictions that could benefit from this program. This action will enhance the quality of life in San Diego County by assisting low-income households, regardless of the jurisdiction in which they reside, who may not otherwise have the economic ability to correct lead-based paint hazards in their homes. Its broader implementation will aid in the protection of young children from the hazards of lead-based paint poisoning.
Vice Chairman Greg Cox:
- Direct the Chief Administrative Officer, in consultation with County Counsel, to enter into negotiations and execute agreements with local incorporated jurisdictions and/or non-profit community based organizations to implement the San Diego County Lead Based Paint Hazard Control Program in those jurisdictions in partnership with the County of San Diego Department of Housing and Community Development.
- Direct the CAO to execute contract amendments with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) for purposes of expanding the implementation boundaries of the San Diego County Lead-Based Paint Hazard Control Program operated by the County of San Diego Department of Housing and Community Development and for extending the Program timeframe.
Funds for this request are currently budgeted. If approved, this request will result in no additional costs and will require the addition of no staff years. The funding source is the
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Lead-Based Paint Hazard Control Program grant.
Business Impact Statement:
This program will have a positive impact on the business community by providing opportunities for licensed/certified contractors to rehabilitate homes containing lead-based paint.
On May 18, 1999 (20), the Board of Supervisors authorized the Director of Housing and Community Development to submit an application for funding to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) for the Lead-Based Paint Hazard Control Grant Program, and enter into an agreement partnering with a Community Based Organization(s) for purposes of implementing the program.
On February 15, 2000 (28), the Board of Supervisors authorized the acceptance of a $1 million grant award from HUD for implementation of the Lead-Based Paint Hazard Control Program. This Program is being implemented in the unincorporated portions of the County, with Spring Valley as its target community. Spring Valley was chosen as the target, unincorporated community due to its higher than average concentration of units built prior to 1970 (units most likely to contain lead-based paint), its higher than average number of residents that were below the poverty level, and its higher than average number of children under the age of six years old (the population most “at-risk” for lead poisoning).
Also authorized by the Board, was the County’s partnering with the Spring Valley Youth and Family Coalition, a community-based organization and the San Diego State University Foundation as its fiscal agent.
Education and outreach efforts to attract residents and landlords in program participation have included: 1) mailings of thousands of informational brochures (in both English and Spanish) to homes built prior to 1970 in the Spring Valley, Lincoln Acres and Lakeside communities; 2) thousands of informational flyers (in both English and Spanish) were sent home with school children in all of the Spring Valley elementary schools; 3) informational ads were featured in Spring Valley/East County publications such as the Pennysaver, the East County edition of the Union-Tribune, and the East County Daily Californian; 4) numerous outreach/education presentations have been made to various east county community organizations and events; 5) numerous one-on-one outreach/education with parents of young children has been conducted at the Grossmont-Spring Valley Family Health Center; and 6) five public presentations have been made to Section 8 landlords owning property in Spring Valley, Lakeside and Ramona.
Program Status to Date
Notwithstanding the extensive, broad-based education and outreach that has occurred, there has been a lack of lead hazards found in the unincorporated portions of the County. The Program is now in its third year of a three-year contract. The current contract with HUD is scheduled to end on December 31, 2002. The grant award agreement between the County and HUD stipulated that the County would conduct testing for lead-based paint hazards in approximately 126 units, with lead reduction activity being achieved in 63 units.
To date, approximately 71 units have been tested for lead-based paint hazards and of those units tested, only nineteen units have been found to contain lead hazards. That equates to only twenty-seven percent (27%) of the units tested having lead-based paint hazards. Those nineteen units (found with hazards) are in various stages of the “bid” process and will be completed as the program progresses. While it is good news for the County that there may be less than anticipated lead in Spring Valley properties, HUD has indicated that if productivity does not substantially increase the Program may be at risk.
Lead Poisoning Cases
Data from the County’s Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program indicates that the majority of lead poisoning cases reported in the San Diego County region are in incorporated jurisdictions, with the highest numbers located in the cities of San Diego and National City. While there may be a variety of sources that contribute to lead poisoning in young children, data indicates that, in the cases reported, lead-based paint/dust was found to be the highest source of lead poisoning.
In addition, the Environmental Health Coalition conducted a Home Inspection Pilot Project that was tasked with the inspection of a random sampling of homes in the cities of San Diego (Sherman Heights area) and National City. They used census tracts that had a high percentage of housing units built before 1950, a high percentage of non-English speaking households, and a high percentage of children under the age of seven and below the poverty level. Forty homes were inspected and tested for lead-based paint hazards. Of those homes tested, seventy-seven percent (77%) were found to have lead hazards.
Proposed Program Modifications
To assure Program success, and to seek out, find and reduce lead-based paint hazards where they occur, it is proposed that the Program be expanded to include not only the unincorporated communities of San Diego County, but the incorporated jurisdictions as well. The County would partner with willing, local jurisdictions that have a high probability of lead-based paint homes to implement the Program in their areas.
This action would allow the Program to aid in the protection of young children from the health hazards caused by lead-based paint, regardless of the local jurisdiction in which they reside. Additionally, authorization to negotiate with HUD to extend the contract timeframe would allow the County the time needed to fully implement the Program as modified and would assure that the funds remain in the San Diego region.
I urge your support!